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10-23-2010, 10:52 PM #1
- Join Date
- Apr 2010
Analysis of the Scythe and Guillotine Cuts. Spoiler: they are the same thing.
Synopsis: The following is an abstract proof showing that there is no physical difference between the mechanics of a scythe stroke and a guillotine stroke. While the two strokes generate slightly different results, this difference is not because one implements the slicing motion better than the other, but is rather a consequence of each stroke’s idiosyncrasies with respect to grain direction. The result of this analysis suggests a hybrid technique that can be used to get a true WTG/ATG/XTG stroke that will work on hairs growing in any direction on the face.
First, a definition of terms for the purposes of this analysis:
Straight cut: a downward stroke with the blade held horizontally.
Guillotine cut: any downward stroke where the blade is not held horizontally. The diagrams below will show the blade held at a 45 degree angle, but any angle other than horizontal is still a guillotine cut so long as the blade’s motion is straight downwards.
Scythe cut: any diagonal stroke where the blade is held horizontally. The diagrams below will show the motion of the blade at a 45 degree angle, but any direction other than downwards is still a scythe cut. (Note: there is another stroke which is frequently referred to as a scything stroke involving a pivoting motion; that stroke will be addressed in a separate post at a later date.)
Slicing cut: any stroke that causes the length of contact between the blade’s edge and the hair to be greater than the diameter of the hair.
Premise: Scythe strokes and Guillotine strokes produce identical slicing motions for a given angle.
Justification: If a straight cut is used, the length of contact between the edge and the hair is exactly equal to the diameter of the hair. If either the blade is held at an angle or the motion is at an angle, a slicing motion occurs since the length of contact between the blade and the hair is greater than the width of the hair. I will spare the non-mathematically inclined the details, and summarize with a few diagrams.
First, a straight cut. Note that the length of contact with the edge (in red) is equal to the diameter of the hair. This stroke therefore does not exhibit slicing.
Next, a guillotine cut with the blade at a 45 degree angle. This time the length of contact with the edge (in green) is greater than the diameter of the hair, and is thus a slicing motion.
Finally, a scythe cut with motion at 45 degrees. Again, the length of contact with the edge (in green) is greater than the diameter of the hair, and is thus a slicing motion.
Interestingly, it can be easily shown that both strokes result in exactly the same length of contact with the edge. In particular, if d is the diameter of the hair and x is the angle (of the blade in the case of guillotine, of the direction of motion in the case of scythe), the length of contact in both cases can be shown to be d*sec(x). Since sec(x) is always greater than one for angles larger than zero, both strokes are guaranteed to produce slicing cuts.
In the end, the scythe cut and guillotine cut produce identical slicing motions for a given angle, and are thus mechanically identical to each other. #
Premise: Every guillotine cut is equivalent to a scythe cut once direction of grain is accounted for. The reverse is also true.
Justification: Again, a visual explanation. Consider a standard WTG guillotine stroke below. Next to it is a scything stroke that is identical, except that it is used on hair growing at a diagonal. The large arrows indicate the direction of motion. The arrows on the hairs indicate direction of growth. The two images are simply rotations of each other, thus these two strokes are equivalent in every physical way.
We see above that a WTG guillotine stroke is equivalent to a hybrid WTG/XTG scythe stroke. WTG guillotine is thus a slightly more aggressive stroke than a WTG straight cut, but has the advantage of incorporating a slicing motion.
One can analyze scything strokes in the same manner. Consider the ATG scything stroke and the equivalent guillotine stroke next to it.
These diagrams can be drawn quickly by hand and rotated manually for other permutations of stroke/direction of grain. The key observation is that in every case scythe cuts and guillotine cuts are equivalent rotations of each other. #
Conclusion: Stop thinking about scythe versus guillotine. For the best WTG/ATG cut, place the blade perpendicular to the direction of growth. Then focus on the tip of the toe (or heel – it doesn’t matter) and move it diagonally. The steeper the angle, the more slicing the stroke incorporates.
Furthermore, don’t consciously try to slice the blade across the skin. Instead, imagine that you are scraping out a parallelogram in your shaving cream (rather than a rectangle as a straight cut would produce).
The result will be some hybrid of scything and guillotining that can be performed regardless of the direction of growth on one’s face. But it will be guaranteed to be a slicing cut, and can be made as aggressively as one chooses. As a final thought, it is should be easy to see that there are actually two XTG strokes possible – X/WTG and X/ATG!
10-23-2010, 11:11 PM #2
Your evaluation is just fine except for one basic flaw. Your definitions of the scything stroke and guillotine stroke don't match the definitions used in this forum. You're altered definitions suit your conclusions, but this forum's conventions don't match your definitions and therefore your conclusions don't follow.
The Following User Says Thank You to Utopian For This Useful Post:
10-23-2010, 11:27 PM #3
- Join Date
- Apr 2010
However, I had no preconceived notions when I started exploring this topic, and certainly didn't intentionally alter definitions to support them. I'm a math guy. I was making diagrams and doing some trig because it's fun. The conclusions came directly from the math. The definitions were made to make the math possible.
Finally, regarding the wiki defined scything, the math is somewhat different than this problem. I will work on that soon - probably will use polar coordinates/functions.
10-23-2010, 11:38 PM #4
10-23-2010, 11:45 PM #5
OK, go ahead and do that, but the analysis can also be done with a knife and a tomato. Around here people call the scything motion a rotational motion. I don't agree with that definition as it does not match the motion of a scythe blade's motion relative to the grass it is cutting. For the guillotine motion, which I consider to be the same as a scything motion, the horizontal blade is moved down in a toe or heel leading North West to South East motion with the blade held horizontal. In other parts of the Wiki the guillotine is when the blade is held in a NW to SE orientation and then is moved straight down.
Regardless of any semantics or mathematical analyses, everyone knows that a tomato is better cut with a slicing motion rather than a straight down motion. Shaving works the same way.
10-23-2010, 11:49 PM #6
There is a lot of work in that original post. We always appreciate those with a pssion for this stuff.
10-23-2010, 11:57 PM #7
I have seen so many arguments about guillotine or scything motions and each has been described differently by different people.
In my opinion a video with the motions correctly described and demonstrated will help anyone reading the wiki. That way there won't be anymore confusion and arguments about the motions.
10-24-2010, 12:02 AM #8
- Join Date
- Jun 2007
- Sandpoint, Idaho
- Blog Entries
That can never really happen... There is always going to be a bit of give and take on the correct motion because the correct motion follows the direction of the hair in the beard and is done by feel... So if I do a video, and say this is correct, it is for me, and anyone else whose beard follows mine, BUT if your beard has a different growth pattern, the motion is going to be slightly different to cut your hair better...
If I were to demonstrate a simple WTG pass on my face I have to use three different directions for this demonstration in regards to N-S-E-W
Last edited by gssixgun; 10-24-2010 at 12:06 AM.
"No amount of money spent on a Stone can ever replace the value of the time it takes learning to use it properly"
Very Respectfully - Glen
10-24-2010, 12:06 AM #9
10-24-2010, 12:08 AM #10
True I forgot about that.
But it still could be helpful for newbies to see and then adjust to suit their needs.